State Shortages Data Dashboard
The State Shortages Dashboard is a convenient way to view school psychology workforce data for US states and territories. The NASP 2020 Professional Standards recommend a ratio of 500 students to 1 school psychologist. This ratio is consistent with research showing that school psychological services decrease as ratios of students to school psychologists increase (Eklund et al., 2017; 2020).
The national ratio for the 2021-2022 school year is 1127 students to 1 school psychologist.
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This dashboard contains data obtained from the following sources:
- Salary data was obtained from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- Number of school psychologists and students, used in calculations, was obtained from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
- Graduate education data was obtained from the NASP School Psychology Graduate Program Database. A report on this data is available in NASP Research Reports.
Eklund, K., DeMarchena, S. L., Rossen, E., Izumi, J. T., Vaillancourt, K., & Rader Kelly, S. (2020). Examining the role of school psychologists as providers of mental and behavioral health services. Psychology in the Schools, 57, 489–501. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.22323
Eklund, K., Meyer, L., Way, S., & Mclean, D. (2017). School psychologists as mental health providers: The impact of staffing ratios and Medicaid on service provisions. Psychology in the Schools, 54, 279–293. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21996
For data errors, please contact the data provider (e.g., NCES for data on school psychology to K-12 student ratios). Questions about the dashboard can be directed to Nick Affrunti, NASP Director of Research.