State Shortages Data Dashboard

The State Shortages Dashboard is a convenient way to view school psychology workforce data for US states and territories. The NASP 2020 Professional Standards recommend a ratio of 500 students to 1 school psychologist. This ratio is consistent with research showing that school psychological services decrease as ratios of students to school psychologists increase (Eklund et al., 2017; 2020).

The national ratio for the 2021-2022 school year is 1127 students to 1 school psychologist.

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This dashboard contains data obtained from the following sources: 


Eklund, K., DeMarchena, S. L., Rossen, E., Izumi, J. T., Vaillancourt, K., & Rader Kelly, S. (2020). Examining the role of school psychologists as providers of mental and behavioral health services. Psychology in the Schools, 57, 489–501.
Eklund, K., Meyer, L., Way, S., & Mclean, D. (2017). School psychologists as mental health providers: The impact of staffing ratios and Medicaid on service provisions. Psychology in the Schools, 54, 279–293.

For data errors, please contact the data provider (e.g., NCES for data on school psychology to K-12 student ratios). Questions about the dashboard can be directed to Nick Affrunti, NASP Director of Research.