Enhancing Practice Starts With You

The National Association of School Psychologists' (NASP) Model for Comprehensive and Integrated School Psychological Services, also known as the NASP Practice Model, provides the framework for supporting effective practice at both the individual and systems levels. The primary purpose of the model is to help you talk to key stakeholders about school psychology and to promote the provision of the full range of services for which you are trained in order to improve outcomes for students, families, and schools.

Active engagement of school psychologists like you is critical to the successful implementation of the model throughout the country. You can make a difference as an individual practitioner in your schools and by working with colleagues through your district and local and state professional associations. This NASP Practice Model Implementation Guide is designed to help you and your colleagues to move toward implementation of the NASP Practice Model by setting goals and using approaches that best meet the needs of your school buildings, district, or state. The guide provides concrete yet independent suggestions and resources that you can use and adapt to your specific context. It is not a prescriptive or sequential set of instructions or a program.

Aligning the role of the school psychologists with the NASP Practice Model will take patience, persistence, and for most will be a multi-year process. For example, during your first year of implementation, a reasonable goal might be to simply improve your relationships with influential people and have a dialogue with them about the NASP Practice Model. It is critical that you take your time, chart your course, and make steady progress toward transforming your role as a school psychologist.

School psychologists do not function within a vacuum. Collaboration is absolutely critical to effective service delivery, to aligning your role with the NASP Practice Model, and to effecting the systems change necessary to do so. Working together with administrators (SPED directors, supervisors) and other specialized instructional support personnel is particularly important. Always keep in mind that aligning your role with the NASP Practice Model is not just impacting your role; it supports the overall functioning of the school and everyone's ability to improve student outcomes.

The NASP Practice Model is a key component of the 2020 NASP Standards and contains the NASP's policies regarding the delivery of school psychological services. The NASP Practice Model is not a job description but rather delineates what services can reasonably be expected from school psychologists across 10 domains of practice. On an individual practitioner level, it describes what you are trained to do, not necessarily what you have the capacity to do every day, all by yourself. On the district level, the model delineates how services should be provided by the school psychology team, as well as defining the general framework within which services should be provided. It allows flexibility for schools and professionals to develop policies and procedures that meet local needs, while also providing sufficient specificity to ensure appropriate, comprehensive service provision.