Shortages in School Psychology Resource Guide

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placeholderThis resource guide provides a range of suggestions or strategies for different groups or stakeholders (e.g., graduate programs, state school psychology associations, school districts) to address shortages in school psychology. The guide provides sections for strategies related to recruitment and retention.

The vision of the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) is that all children and youth thrive in school, at home, and throughout life. To help direct its efforts and position highly qualified school psychologists to fulfill this vision, NASP has proposed four key initiatives of the association. One of those initiatives includes addressing critical shortages in school psychology. Shortages in school psychology, like shortages in other related professions, have the potential to significantly undermine the availability of high quality services to students, families and schools.

Shortages can include both an insufficient supply of qualified school psychologists as well as an insufficient number of positions to meet the needs of students. Additionally, multiple factors that contribute to shortages in school psychology highlight the complex and context-specific nature of the issue, including:

  • Shortage of qualified faculty in graduate education programs
  • Limited access to NASP approved graduate preparation programs in certain parts of the country
  • Limited number of qualified applicants for some programs; whereas other programs may have more qualified applicants than they can accept
  • Difficulty attracting graduates from some programs into areas where position vacancies are occurring consistently
  • Difficulties retaining qualified school psychologists
  • Shortage of approved internships and qualified internship supervisors
  • Limited racial-ethnic, cultural, and linguistic diversity


  • Recruitment thumbnail


    Recruitment refers to strategies that help attract professionals into positions that are otherwise hard to fill or at a level where demand exceeds supply. … more


  • Retention Strategies thumbnail

    Retention Strategies

    Retention refers to ensuring that qualified individuals stay in their position to avoid gaps, empty positions, transience, and burnout. … more

Companion Infographic

infographic This infographic outlines the school psychology shortages and identifies strategies to remedy the problem. This infographic corresponds with the Frequently Asked Questions about Shortages in School Psychology document.

Acknowledgement of writing group members as part of the NASP Shortages Task Force (in alphabetical order): Joel Bocanegra, Jamie Chaffin, Emma Dickinson, Peter Faustino, Sally Grapin, Regina Kimbrel, Leah Nellis, Kari Oyen, Eric Rossen, & Lori Unruh.