Social Justice Definitions

The definitions in this document are intended to provide school psychologists with a thorough understanding of social justice related terminology, and to provide a common language for the use and application of the included terms and concepts. Given that language and terminology evolve over time, these definitions are not static and this document will be updated if our understanding of these words shifts, as well as when new terms are created or current terms are revised. The list below is current as of July 2021.

Social Justice: "both a process and a goal that requires action. School psychologists work to ensure the protection of the educational rights, opportunities, and well-being of all children, especially those whose voices have been muted, identities obscured, or needs ignored. Social justice requires promoting nondiscriminatory practices and the empowerment of families and communities. School psychologists enact social justice through culturally responsive professional practice and advocacy to create schools, communities, and systems that ensure equity and fairness for all children and youth" (National Association of School Psychologists [NASP] Board of Directors, 2017).


Gender and Sex
History and Theoretical Concepts
Power, Prejudice, and Oppression
Race and Racism
Allyship and Advocacy
Culture and Religion
(Dis)ability and Size Discrimination
Socioeconomic Status

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Social Justice Definitions