Disproportionality refers to a group’s representation in a particular category that exceeds expectations for that group, or differs substantially from the representation of others in that category. Special education disproportionality has been referred to as the extent to which membership in a given group affects the probability of being placed in a specific disability category. Disciplinary disproportionality encompasses the disproportionately high rates at which students from certain racial/ethnic groups are subjected to office discipline referrals, suspensions, school arrests, and expulsion.
Featured Position Statement
NASP's position statement, "Racial and Ethnic Disproportionality in Education," endorses the implementation of inclusive schools where specific groups of children are not disproportionately represented in restrictive educational settings.