Education Funding

Policies that Increase Funding for Education

Robust education investments are necessary to ensure a successful public education system. The vast majority of public K-12 spending in the United States - around 92 percent - comes from state and local sources. Approximately 8% of education funds come from federal programs, with Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act representing the two largest federal education programs. State funds generally support salaries of staff members, school operations and state-specific priorities while the federal programs are targeted for various types of students, schools and communities. These programs help address education needs and inequities that are often not able to be met by the state or local jurisdiction. Although some federal programs do allow for the hiring of school personnel, most personnel decisions are within jurisdiction of the state and/or local government.

Quite simply, students cannot learn without principal leadership, high quality teachers, access to school psychologists and other specialized instructional support personnel, comprehensive learning supports, sound infrastructure, and current and evidence based materials in their classrooms.  Enrollment in our public schools has increased by more than 5 million children since 2005, and projections indicate that the number of children in our public education system will continue to increase. Despite increased enrollment, and the expansion of services and supports provided by schools, overall investment in education is only marginally higher than 2005 funding levels. Unfortunately, due to cuts at the local, state and federal level, schools have been forced to reduce or eliminate personnel, scale back the availability of support services, and reduce or eliminate instruction in physical education, the arts, and other subjects that contribute to a well-rounded curriculum. Creating a strong public education that meets the needs of all students requires significant investments at the local, state, and federal level.  

Your Voice Matters

Below are a set of resources to help individuals and state associations advocate for the recommended policies and practices to increase education funding. You are encouraged to consult these resources to help you organize and plan for your professional and/or legislative advocacy activities. These materials can, and should, be adapted to meet the unique needs of your local communities and states. For information and resources relating to basic advocacy skills, check out NASP's Policy Playbook. 


Policy Playbook

NASP's Policy Playbook, completed and released in 2019, was created to provide tips, advice, and best practices on how to fulfill one of the most important aspects of being a school psychologist: advocacy.