School Psychology Review

Using Meta-Analysis to Answer the Question: What Are the Important, Manipulable Influences on School Learning?

Kenneth A. Kavale

pp. 644-650

Mini-Series on Primary Prevention: From Theory on Practice and Mini-Series on Research Methods in School Psychology

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ABSTRACT: This article describes how the methods of meta-analysis can be used to answer the question: What are the important, manipulable influences on school learning? The role of research synthesis is first discussed as well as the benefits of quantitative research synthesis. The methodology of meta-analysis—including problem formulation, sample selection, data analysis, data interpretation, and data reporting—is next discussed in relation to primary research methods. Finally,meta-analytic conclusions are described and their role in resolving conflicting findings is discussed.