Benefits of Adopting the NASP Practice Model

To effectively advocate for the NASP Practice Model, it is critical to make sure that you understand the specific benefits of adopting the model so that you can speak clearly and concisely about why adoption of the model matters to schools and kids.

The NASP Practice Model:

  • Provides a more organized and coherent framework to advocate for and communicate about school psychological services.
  • Provides a concrete tool for advocating for roles and job preservation.
  • Promotes consistency of practice.
  • Provides direction for excellence in delivery of services.
  • Provides guidance for continuing professional development.
Key Messages

When schools invest the time and energy in adopting the NASP Practice Model schools and students benefit directly from the comprehensive services school psychologists provide. Benefits that may be realized include:

Improved Academic Engagement and Achievement

  • High expectations and academic rigor for all students sets the foundation for schools that both raise expectations and close achievement gaps. However, providing rich content and rigor alone is not enough for struggling students.
  • Interventions that foster students' engagement in learning contribute to more positive orderly classroom environments, increase time focused on learning, and increase school attendance and graduation rates.

Facilitation of Effective Instruction

  • Rigorous, quality curricula must be matched with effective instruction that meets the individual needs of diverse learners.
  • Increasingly, this consultation occurs within a response-to-intervention or problem-solving process, which has been shown to improve achievement for students in the general education classroom and reduce inappropriate referrals to special education.
  • Teachers who consult with their school psychologist receive support for working with struggling students, improve their classroom management and teaching skills, and are more able to focus on effective instruction for all students.

Support for Positive Behavior and Socially Successful Students

  • Promoting students' positive behavior and social interactions directly supports their academic achievement and contributes to a healthy learning environment.
  • School psychologists provide services that promote children's communication and social skills, problem solving, anger management, conflict resolution, self-regulation, self-determination, resilience, and optimism.
  • School psychologists provide mental and behavioral health services, including wellness and prevention programming, risk assessment and interventions, and counseling, which are proven to reduce discipline referrals and increase attendance and academic performance. They also coordinate community services provided in schools to ensure their link to learning.

Support for Diverse Learners

  • Successfully meeting the needs of a wide range of diverse learners can be a challenge for schools. School psychologists have special expertise in working with students who have disabilities or health problems, who face cultural or linguistic barriers, or whose family or socioeconomic situation affects their learning.
  • School psychologists work with school administrators to ensure that education plans are designed and implemented so students with disabilities receive a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environments.

Creation of Safe, Positive School Climates

  • Positive school climate is a critical factor in student achievement. No matter how good the curriculum and instruction are, a negative learning environment will interfere with student outcomes.
  • School psychologists work with school leadership teams to help choose, design, and evaluate evidence-based approaches to address issues such as bullying prevention, student connectedness, family engagement, cultural responsiveness, and crisis response planning.
  • Positive school climates contribute to improved academic achievement, graduation rates, student attitudes, and connection in school, and to more trusting, respectful relationships among school staff, students, and families.

Strengthening of Family-School Partnerships

  • Students whose families are engaged in their school experience do better academically, socially, and emotionally. How and to what extent parents and other caregivers are involved in their children's learning and extracurricular activities depends on many factors, including opportunity, culture, language, attitudes toward school, past experience, access to information, and school climate.
  • School psychologists work with staff to enhance understanding and acceptance of diverse cultures and backgrounds and to promote culturally responsive schools, which is essential to engaging all families in school life.

Improved Assessment and Accountability

  • A critical part of making informed decisions is the effective use of data. School psychologists bring extensive knowledge of data collection and analysis to school improvement efforts.
  • The capacity to both collect the right data and know what to do with the information is essential to meeting the needs of students and making adequate yearly progress and other mandated accountability measures.

Wiser Investments of Existing Resources

  • School psychologists serve in almost every school in the country. They are a ready resource. Adopting the NASP Practice Model enables schools to make best use of the school psychologist's skills and expertise, and to give all students access to the services that can help them stay engaged and successful in school.
  • The comprehensive implementation of school psychological services has consistently been shown to support teachers' ability to teach and students' ability to learn, and is a cost-effective investment in the success of all students.