NASP white papers are authoritative guides to complex issues facing the nation's schools and the practice of school psychology.
White papers provide more detailed information on related research and best practices to supplement position statements and resolutions.
For children experiencing academic, emotional, or behavioral difficulties, neither repeating the same instruction nor promoting the student to the next grade is an effective remedy. … more
School Psychologists: Qualified Health Professionals Providing Child and Adolescent Mental and Behavioral Health Services
School psychologists are uniquely positioned in schools to facilitate the development, delivery, and monitoring of prompt, effective, and culturally responsive mental and behavioral health services of prevention and intervention. … more
In general, research has not supported the use of grade retention to improve achievement or adjustment outcomes for students.