Volume 19, Issue 4 (1990)
Cognitive Processing v. Traditional Intelligence: Diagnostic Utility, Intervention Implications, and Treatment Validity
Daniel J. Reschly, Marilyn S. Wilson
Recent advances were reviewed in the assessment of intelligence using procedures developed from cognitive theory and research. The probable success of the newer cognitive processing approaches was appraised using the criteria of diagnostic utility, intervention implications, and treatment validity. Although the newer approaches were regarded as promising, neither the new or traditional IQ tests have clearly documented treatment validity. Furthermore, both types of instruments involve indirect measures applied in one-to-one settings separated from the natural environments in which interventions or treatment typically occur. Other problems with traditional measures, e.g., alleged biases in IQ tests and the usefulness of traditional diagnostic categories of student disabilities, have not been resolved to date with the newer measures. Adoption of the cognitive processing measures will likely be determined by the degree to which these traditional problems are resolved and clear documentation of treatment validity is achieved.
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