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NASP Home NASP Publications School Psychology Review (SPR) Volume 18 Issue 1 (1989) Are Different Kinds of Instructional ...
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Volume 18, Issue 1 (1989)

Are Different Kinds of Instructional Tasks Used by Different Categories of Students in Different Settings?

pp. 98—111

ABSTRACT: Observational data were collected on the instructional tasks used by 30 learning disabled (LD), 32 emotionally/behaviorally disturbed (EBD), 30 educable mentally retarded (EMR), and 30 non-handicapped students. The specific task being used was coded every 10 seconds for one entire school day for each student. Analyses of time using each of eight specific tasks and two task composites (teacher-directed tasks and paper-focused tasks) revealed no differences between handicapped and non-handicapped students. Repeated measures analyses for categories of handicapped students as a function of setting revealed only one category effect and two setting effects. Interaction effects involved EMR group differences. In general, findings suggested that the same instructional tasks are being used with handicapped and non-handicapped students, as well as with different types of handicapped students. Further, there are minimal setting effects; the same kinds of instructional tasks are used across mainstream and special education settings for mildly handicapped students.

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