Volume 14, Issue 3 (1985)
Crisis Counseling: Conceptualizations and General Principles
This paper introduces the topic of crisis counseling and intervention and serves as a foundation for the other articles in this mini-series. It contains a brief history of crisis intervention stressing the seminal work of Lindemann and Caplan. Drawing on Baldwin (1978), a taxonomy is presented of six major types of emotional crisis in the school. The author argues that crisis counseling is different from other forms of counseling, particularly nondirective approaches, and proposes 13 generic crisis counseling principles. In addition, there is a discussion of five general prevention methods for use in schools. The author also cautions that any attempt at counseling or intervention must be adjusted to match the developmental level of the clients.
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