Volume 13, Issue 1 (1984)
Cultural Bias in WISC Subtest Items: A Response to Judge Grady's Suggestion in Relation to the PASE Case
Tong-He Koh, Aurelius Abbatiello, Caven S. McLoughlin
ABSTRACT:This study has sought to determine empirically whether seven items from the Information and Comprehension subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children discriminate against any racial groups. These items were singled out by Judge John F. Grady in his opinion in the PASE (Parents in Action in Special Education) case, as being culturally biased against black children. A stratified random sample (N=360) of test protocols of Chicago public schoolchildren who were referred for a psychological evaluation were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. These children were part of the sample being considered by the judge. Main comparisons of percentage passing items for race, sex, and age groups showed no significant differences. Error analyses showed no significant “cultural” differences between white and black children, in that none of the responses that were said to be likely to occur from blacks were evident.
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