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NASP Home NASP Publications School Psychology Review (SPR) Volume 13 Issue 2 (1984) Stimulus Control, Paraprofessionals, ...
Volume 13, Issue 2 (1984)

Stimulus Control, Paraprofessionals, and Appropriate Playground Behavior

pp. 249—253

Stimulus control is evident when a specific,antecedent object or event (discriminative stimulus) increases the probability that a specific behavior or class of behaviors will occur; the target behavior is highly improbable when the antecedent event is absent (Reese, 1978; Sulzer-Azaroff & Mayer, 1977). In the classroom, the teacher is one of the predominant antecedent stimuli which maintains stimulus control while facilitating appropriate student behavior. This paradigm develops as the teacher instructs and prompts, and then differentially reinforces, appropriate student behavior. Eventually, appropriate behavior occurs in the teacher’s presence even though itis no longer continuously reinforced.

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