Volume 9, Issue 3 (1980)
Implementation: The Neglected Step Between Program Planning and Program Evaluation
Marcia B. Shaffer
ABSTRACT: Too often, in the development of special education programs, a disproportionate amount of attention is given to planning and evaluation. The process of “implementation,” the actual carrying-out of planned program procedures, may be neglected. This paper discusses the place of implementation in program development, and delineates techniques advocated by educational researchers for evaluating implementation. Some of the hazards involved in monitoring program implementation are indicated. The feasibility of ensuring accurate implementation through care in the planning stage of program development is explored;suggestions are made as to how this may be done. Consideration is given to potentially useful methods of evaluating implementation which may be employed by the practitioner in school psychology.
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