Volume 9, Issue 4 (1980)
The Effects of Maternal Employment on the Academic Attitudes and Performance of School-Aged Children
Lois Wladis Hoffman
SOCIAL SETTING: Few social changes can be so clearly documented as the increased employment of mothers.What was once a deviant pattern, is now the modal family style. The census data for 1979 show that over fifty-nine percent of the mothers, living with husbands, with school-aged children but no preschoolers, are employed. For comparable families where no husband is present, over seventy-two percent are employed. The fifty percent mark was passed almost ten years ago for the married women and the rates are still climbing for both groups. The most rapid gains in employment rates, however, have been shown for mothers with preschool children. In 1979, the employment rate for women, living with husbands, who have preschoolers was over 43%, a rate more than double the 1960 rate of 19%. For single mothers of preschoolers, the 1979 rate was close to 60%. Maternal employment rates are climbing for all groups, and the single-parent families which have always had higher rates of maternal employment are also on the increase.The result is that more mothers work than do not work, and there is every reason to believe that this trend will continue (U.S. Department of Commerce, 1980).
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