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NASP Home NASP Publications School Psychology Review (SPR) Volume 8 Issue 1 (1979) In Defense of the IQ Test
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Volume 8, Issue 1 (1979)

In Defense of the IQ Test

pp. 79—88

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that commonly used standardized intelligence scales are free from the alleged inherent flaws that presumably result in discriminatory assessment. Accordingly, discussion will be limited to the premise that unfairness does not reside in the test itself. Issues pertaining to the administrative,guidance, instructional, curricular, and political uses of tests will not be included in the present discussion. The reader is referred to Hunter and Schmidt’s(1976) thoughtful analysis on the ethical use of tests. In attempting to dispel the belief that standardized intelligence tests discriminate unfairly on the basis of culture or race, we will examine the issues of internal validity, predictive validity, and examiner effects. We will also point out that the following are not legitimate criteria of test bias:(a) score differences between radical groups, (b) the disproportionate number of minority group members in special classes for the educable mentally handicapped, and(c) armchair speculations about cultural bias of intelligence scales.

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