Volume 1, Issue 2 (1972)
Conditioning of Verbal Behavior as a Function of Age, Social Class, and Type of Reinforcement
J.D. Cradler, D.L. Goodwin
Previous research has suggested that there are significant differences in the relative effectiveness of material and non-material incentives for children of different social class backgrounds. Studies by Terrell, Durkin, and Weisley (1959)) Zigler and DeLabry (1962), Staats and Butterfield (1955)) Risley (1968)) and Cameron and Storm (1965) suggest that lower-class children prefer material over social and/or symbolic reinforcement. Other research by Zigler and Kanzer (1962) and Rosehan (1966)) has shown that when lower-class children were limited to choices between social or symbolic reinforcers, they preferred social rewards.
NASP Members Log in
to download article.