Volume 6, Issue 3 (1977)
Historical Antecedents and Current Issues in Nondiscriminatory Assessment of Children's Abilities
Whereas the testing movement enjoyed a wide degree of public acceptance during the period from World War I until about 1955, in recent years a growing controversy regarding the use of mental tests has blossomed (Black, 1963 ; Garcia, 1972; Gross, 1963 ; Holman & Do &r, 1972; Holtzman, 1971; Martinez, 1972 ; Williams, 1971; Laosa & Oakland, Note 1; Mercer, Note 2.) The criticisms have been directed in part at the effects that the measurement procedures have had upon our society. Principal criticisms of standardized assessment practices include the following (Thorndike & Hagen, 1969 ; Laosa, 1973 ; Oakland, 1937; Newland, 1973 ; Laosa & Oakland, Note 1) :
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