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NASP Home NASP Publications School Psychology Review (SPR) Volume 36 Issue 2 (2007) The Single and Combined Effects of Mu...
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Volume 36, Issue 2 (2007)

The Single and Combined Effects of Multiple Intensities of Behavior Modification and Methylphenidate for Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a Classroom Setting

pp. 195—216

Abstract. Currently behavior modification, stimulant medication, and combined treatments are supported as evidence-based interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in classroom settings. However, there has been little study of the relative effects of these two modalities and their combination in classrooms. Using a within-subject design, the present study investigated the single effects of behavior modification (no, low, and high intensity), methylphenidate (placebo, 0.15, 0.30, and 0.60 mg/kg), and the combination of these treatments in an analogue classroom setting with 48 children (ages 6–12) diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Results indicated substantial effects of both unimodal treatments and their combination on measures of classroom behavior, productivity, and teacher ratings of functioning. The results are discussed in light of the current literature on single and combined treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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