Volume 34, Issue 4 (2005)
Early Childhood Experiences and Kindergarten Success: A Population-Based Study of a Large Urban Setting
John W. Fantuzzo, Heather L. Rouse, Paul A. McDermott, Yumiko Sekino, Stephanie Childs, Andrea Weiss
Abstract. This study examined the unique protective influence of center-based early care and education experiences on kindergarten outcomes for children entering public school kindergarten. The 3,969 participants were geographically and demographically representative of an entire kindergarten cohort in a large urban school district. Child age, gender, ethnicity, family poverty, low maternal education, and neighborhood were found to be risks for academic and behavioral adjustment upon kindergarten entry. Controlling for these risks, formal, center-based experiences were related significantly to higher levels of Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Knowledge, Motor Skills, and Work Habits performance assessments and attendance in kindergarten. Initial advantages associated with center-based early care and education were sustained across the kindergarten year.
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