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NASP Home NASP Publications School Psychology Review (SPR) Volume 31 Issue 4 (2002) Enhancing First-Grade Children's Math...
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Volume 31, Issue 4 (2002)

Enhancing First-Grade Children's Mathematical Development With Peer-Assisted Strategies

pp. 569—583

Abstract. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a dyadic peer-mediated treatment, Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), on first-grade children’s mathematics development. Within schools, 20 classrooms were assigned randomly to PALS or no-PALS groups. Teachers implemented PALS three times each week for 16 weeks. Treatment fidelity was measured with direct observation;teachers completed questionnaires about treatment effectiveness and feasibility;and 323 students were pre- and post-tested. Effects were separated for low-, average-,and high-achievers, and effect sizes and the percentage of nonresponders for 18 students with disabilities were calculated. Results indicated that treatment implementation was strong; teachers judged PALS to be effective and generally feasible;and students with and without disabilities, at all points along the achievement continuum, benefited from PALS. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

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