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Volume 28, Issue 2 (1999)

Introduction to the Mini-Series: Promoting School Success in Children With Chronic Medical Conditions

pp. 175—181

Nearly all children and their families have experienced some type of common childhood illness including acute viral infections, stomachaches, headaches, and minor injuries. Unfortunately, many children experience more threatening forms of acute or chronic illnesses and injury, and there is often significant mortality that is associated with those conditions. Further, many of those disorders are associated with marked medical (i.e., residual physical disability), psychosocial (i.e., disruption of typical developmental processes), and cognitive morbidities (i.e., learning disorders that result from the disease or that are associated with the adverse cognitive effects of treatments for the various diseases). Children and families experience negative psychological sequelae (e.g., depression) in response to a variety of specific pediatric conditions. Even more importantly, behavioral factors also have been demonstrated to be integral in determining the onset, course, and prognosis of many childhood disorders and injuries.

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