Volume 27, Issue 1 (1998)
School Psychology Personnel Needs: Correlates of Current Patterns and Historical Trends
Andrea R. Lund, Daniel J. Reschly, Lisa M. Connolly Martin
Abstract: Results from the 1989 and 1993 surveys of school psychology state leadership and graduate training programs were used to examine the market demands for school psychology practitioners. Student to school psychologist ratios continue to vary significantly from state to state and between regions. The overall national student-to-practitioner ratio remained consistent between 1989 and 1993 as did general patterns across states and regions. Enrollment in school psychology graduate training programs has not changed significantly during the past 10 years, and the number of graduates also has remained relatively stable. Current student-to-practitioner ratios are related to a state’s past student-to-psychologist ratios and current per-pupil expenditures. Trends in school psychology ratios also parallel the effects of the 1989-1992 recession. Positive and negative consequences of school psychologist shortages are discussed in conjunction with the possible influences that shortages may have on roles and delivery systems.
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