Volume 27, Issue 2 (1998)
Community-Based Risk Prevention With Urban Youth
Jean J. Schensul
Abstract: Examples of three major approaches to community-based prevention programming with urban young people based on ongoing prevention research at the Institute for Community Research (ICR) are provided and reviewed. The psychological model is based on psychological principles addressing change at the individual level. The ecological model emphasizes the importance of simultaneous interventions at multiple levels. The social action or action research model targets structural changes in policy and social context as the route to influencing broad-based changes in individual behaviors. Such models offer opportunities for school psychologists to experience the interface of theory, practice, and research in out-of-school settings. Descriptions of the models address actual or potential contributions of school psychologists. To work effectively in community-based prevention,school psychologists should have expertise in ecological approaches to intervention,anthropological research methods such as ethnography, consultation that promotes long-term involvement, and advocacy.
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