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NASP Home NASP Publications School Psychology Review (SPR) Volume 27 Issue 3 (1998) Risk and Resilience Factors Linked to...
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Volume 27, Issue 3 (1998)

Risk and Resilience Factors Linked to Problem

pp. 380—397

Abstract: We examined several risk and resilience factors associated with sexual intercourse,gang involvement, and alcohol and drug use among 332 urban, culturally diverse adolescents aged 12 to 16 years. In general, different patterns of risk and resilience factors were found to predict the three problem behaviors. Delinquency was the only factor that was significantly linked to sexual intercourse, gang involvement, and substance use. Discriminant analyses substantiated that delinquency was differentially associated with low problem vs. high problem urban adolescents. In addition, when compared to the high problem urban youth,the resilient youth tended to have higher academic competence and intact two-parent families and were less likely to be involved in a steady relationship. The results support an ecological,multidimensional approach to understanding problem behaviors in urban adolescents.Prevention and intervention approaches based on the study’s findings are discussed.

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