Volume 27, Issue 3 (1998)
Reconceptualizing School-Based Prevention for Antisocial Behavior Within a Resiliency Framework
Gloria E. Miller, Katherine Brehm, Shayna Whitehouse
Abstract: This article examines selected school-based prevention programs that represent a dual focus of risk attenuation and competency promotion and exemplify a shift from risk to resilience in the prevention of antisocial behavior. A rationale explaining why a resilience framework broadens and reframes our understanding of variables associated with the onset, escalation, and desistance of antisocial behavior is presented. Empirically validated classroom, school-wide and multisetting approaches are evaluated in relation to nine critical resiliency mechanisms hypothesized to protect against and deter antisocial behavior.Characteristics of improved outcomes are identified and conclusions drawn for enhancing future efforts.Given the multiple personal difficulties and negative societal repercussions associated with antisocial behavior, there is an urgent need for preventive school-based efforts that increase resilience in this critical population.
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