Volume 1, Issue 1 (1972)
Token Systems: A Procedural Guide
H.E. Sattler, K.S. Swoope
The authors present and discuss a ten-point guideline for the use of token systems as vehicles for the application of operant psychology to remediation of classroom problems. These procedural considerations include (1) selecting a method for choosing desirable behaviors, (2) selecting the kind of token to be awarded, (3) choosing back-up reinforcers for which the tokens can be exchanged, (4) selecting a cueing method for informing children which behaviors will be reinforced, (5) choosing a mode for awarding tokens, (6) constructing a master control sheet for recording tokens awarded, (7) scheduling a time for exchanging tokens for back-up reinforcers, (8) selecting a method for making back-up reinforcers available, (9) devising a method for bringing the reinforcing activity period to an end, and (10) selecting the appropriate type of contingency to be used when awarding tokens.
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