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NASP Home NASP Publications School Psychology Review (SPR) Volume 20 Issue 2 (1991) Nature and Characteristics of Attenti...
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Volume 20, Issue 2 (1991)

Nature and Characteristics of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

pp. 163—173

Abstract: This article is an introduction to the syndrome of Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), commonly known as childhood hyperactivity. Itis intended as a brief review of the current research on the basic characteristics of the disorder. After reviewing a history of the many ways in which ADHD has been defined, a critique of the most recent classification system is given. A major criticism of the current definition is that it ignores very important distinctions among the attention deficit disorders, such as distinguishing between children with and without co-occurring hyperactivity. Also, a discussion of the primary symptoms of the disorder and associated problems in adjustment is provided.The article then concludes with a summary of the research on the families of children with ADHD, particularly as it relates to our understanding of the etiology of the disorder.

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