School Psychology Review

Gender as a Factor in School-Based Mental Health Service Delivery

Allison A. Friedrich, Linda M. Raffaele Mendez, Stephanie T. Mihalas

pp. 122-136

General Issue

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Abstract. There is a large research base indicating numerous gender differences in prevalence rates of psychopathology, the expression of psychopathology, and the etiology of psychopathology across different disorders (Zahn-Waxler, Shirtcliff, & Marceau, 2008). Such documented gender differences in mental health among children and adolescents have significant implications for the provision of school based mental health services. This article provides an overview of the research documenting differences in mental health among children and adolescents and a description of the delivery of gender-informed mental health services through a public health model framework of service delivery. Gender-informed prevention and intervention strategies are presented using specific examples to provide practitioners with a greater awareness of gender differences and their implications for providing mental health services to children and adolescents. The article concludes with recommendations for the field of school psychology.