School Psychology Review

Motivation as an Enabler for Academic Success

Elizabeth A. Linnenbrink, Paul R. Pintrich

pp. 313-327

Mini-Series: Academic Enablers to Improve Student Performance: Considerations for Research and Practice

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Abstract. Student motivation as an academic enabler for school success is discussed.Contrary to many views, however, the authors conceive of student motivation as a multifaceted construct with different components. Accordingly, the article includes a discussion of four key components of student motivation including academic self-efficacy, attributions, intrinsic motivation, and achievement goals.Research on each of these four components is described, research relating these four components to academic achievement and other academic enablers is reviewed,and suggestions are offered for instruction and assessment.