School Psychology Review

Contributions of Study Skills to Academic Competence

Maribeth Gettinger, Jill K. Seibert

pp. 350-365

Mini-Series: Academic Enablers to Improve Student Performance: Considerations for Research and Practice

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Abstract. Study skills are fundamental to academic competence. Effective study skills are associated with positive outcomes across multiple academic content areas and for diverse learners. The purpose of this article is to describe an information-processing perspective on the contribution of study skills to academic competence,and to identify evidence-based strategies that are effective in helping students to improve their study skills. Using an information-processing framework,study skills are grouped into four clusters: repetition-based skills, procedural study skills, cognitive-based study skills, and metacognitive skills. Key elements of effective study-strategy training are delineated.