School Psychology Review
A Model of Academic Enablers and Elementary Reading/Language Arts Achievement
James Clyde DiPerna, Robert J. Volpe, Stephen N. Elliott
Mini-Series: Academic Enablers to Improve Student Performance: Considerations for Research and Practice
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Abstract. This article includes a review of theoretical and empirical models of educational outcomes to identify student attitudes and behaviors that researchers have hypothesized to influence academic achievement. A theoretical model is proposed of the relationships between specific academic enablers (motivation, interpersonal skills, engagement, and study skills) and academic achievement. Structural equation modeling is used to test the fit of this model for two samples of elementary students. The results of these modeling analyses indicate that prior achievement and interpersonal skills influence motivation, which in turn influences study skills and engagement to promote academic achievement. The article concludes with a discussion of practical implications of the tested model as well as necessary directions for future research regarding models of academic enablers and academic achievement.