School Psychology Review
Behavioral Self-Help Training for Developmentally Disabled Individuals
Walter P. Christian, Stephen C. Luce
Mini-Series on Developmental Disabilities
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ABSTRACT: Self-help training is a major focus of human service and special education programming for developmentally disabled persons. Applied research in the area of self-help training largely has been concerned with the development of basic skills such as feeding, toileting, grooming,and dressing, as well as community adjustment skills such as public transportation utilization and telephone usage. Researchers have indicated that self-help training is most effective when it involves the consistent, systematic application of the following procedures: (a) assessing self-help skills and deficits prior to training via observation, recording, and standardized measurement of self-help behavior; (b) developing plans and goals for training based on a consideration of the individual’s ultimate level of functioning; (c) preparing the environment for training; (d) implementing effective training programs and procedures; (e) evaluating the effectiveness of training; and (f) promoting maintenance and generalization of newly learned skills.