School Psychology Review

Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches to the Modification of Aggressive Behavior in Children

Robert E. Kennedy

pp. 47-55

Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions for Classroom and Academic Behaviors

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ABSTRACT: Contingency management programs for modifying aggression in children are powerful methods of short-term behavior change in the treatment setting but have not consistently led to maintenance of behavior change or its transfer to other settings. Training aggressive children in adaptive overt behaviors has also produced promising results, including long-term facilitative effects in some individuals. However, considerable inter individual variation in response to such treatments has led to the development of cognitively based, interpersonal problem-solving interventions as alternative treatment methods. Cognitive-behavioral interventions with young children have produced some short-term reductions in aggressive behavior in the classroom but little evidence of long-term change. Interventions with problem adolescents, however, have produced impressive evidence for generalization and maintenance of treatment effects. Useful future research would involve comparisons of cognitive with noncognitive behavioral programs as well as tests of the effectiveness of various combinations of cognitive and noncognitive interventions.