The President's Fiscal Year 2014 Budget for Education
The proposed FY14 budget will give IDEA Part B State Grants, $11.6 billion ($11,577,855) in formula grants to support states and districts in providing special education and related services to students with disabilities. These grants help to ensure that students with disabilities receive the special education and related services necessary to participate in the general education curriculum to the maximum extent possible and are prepared for college and careers. IDEA Part B State Grants are critical to the efforts of states and districts to provide the more than 6.5 million students with disabilities ages 3 through 21 served by these state grants a free appropriate public education (FAPE) that meets their unique needs.
IDEA Preschool grants help states provide free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment for all children with disabilities age 3 through 5. The IDEA Preschool grants, supplemented by the funds requested for the IDEA Part B Grants to States program, would help ensure that over 745,000 young children with disabilities will be ready to succeed when they enter school. In addition, this request would help states coordinate with preschool programs for children with disabilities within the broader Preschool for All program. The proposed budget for these FY 14 grants is $372,646,000
Title 1 grant to Local Education Agencies, has a proposed FY 14 budget of $14,516,457 an increase of 5.5% from last year. Title I is the largest elementary and secondary education program. This grant supplements State and local funding for low-achieving children, especially in high-poverty schools. The program finances the additional academic support and learning opportunities that are often required to help disadvantaged students progress along with their classmates.
The President's budget for fiscal year 2014 proposes the elimination of the funds for Elementary and Secondary School Counseling Program. (FY 13 $52,296) This grant program is recommended for consolidation in the Successful, Safe, and Health Students programs, which would be funded at $280 million. This new consolidated program would support student achievement to high standards and help ensure that students are safe, and mentally and physically healthy and ready to learn. This new program would help schools improve conditions for learning, clinging through the use of program funds for school counseling program that contribute to the reduction or prevention of drug use, alcohol use, bullying, harassment, or violence, and that promote and support the mental well-being of students. However, over time, several programs have been consolidated into this one, broad grant program. Additionally, the amount of money available for this grant has gotten smaller each year.
The Elementary and Secondary School Counseling Program (ESSCP) was the only federal grant program specifically designated for school counseling programs. ESCCP provided grants to local educational agencies to establish or expand elementary school and secondary school counseling programs. This grant also allowed local education agencies to hire more school counselors, school psychologists, and school social workers. The National Association of School Psychologist is actively fighting the consolidation of this very important program.